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General Reproductive Health

I. AAP Policy Statement/ Clinical Report

Achieving Quality Health Services for Adolescents (Policy Statement)
This statement reviews the evolution of the medical home concept and challenges to the provision of quality adolescent health care within the patient-centered medical home. Areas of attention for quality adolescent health care are reviewed, including developmentally appropriate care, confidentiality, location of adolescent care, providers who offer such care, the role of research in advancing care, and the transition to adult care.

Sexual and Reproductive Health Care Services in the Pediatric Setting (Clinical Report)
Assistance in operationalizing the provision of various aspects of sexual and reproductive health care into practices and guidance on overcoming barriers to providing this care routinely while maximizing opportunities for confidential health services delivery.

Gynecological Examination for Adolescents in the Pediatric Office Setting (Clinical Report)
Reviews the gynecologic examination, including indications for the pelvic examination in adolescents and the approach to this examination in the office setting.

Male Adolescent and Sexual Health Care (Clinical Report)
Discusses specific issues related to male adolescents' sexual and reproductive health care in the context of primary care, including pubertal and sexual development, sexual behavior, consequences of sexual behavior, and methods of preventing sexually transmitted infections (including HIV) and pregnancy. 

Menstrual Management for Adolescents with Disabilities (Clinical Report)
Guidance in assisting adolescent females with intellectual and/or physical disabilities and their families in making decisions related to successfully navigating menarche and subsequent menstrual cycles.


II. Websites

Adolescent Sexual Health (AAP)
Information designed for primary care providers to assist and support in the delivery of sexual and reproductive health services to adolescents and young adults with guidance on recommended services, approaches to addressing important clinical issues, and resources for patients and their families on how to optimize the health of adolescents and young adults and reduce risk.

Family Engagement Resources (AAP)
AAP.org Adolescent Sexual Health webpage offers fact sheets and brochures for parents (topics include communicating about sex and sexuality) and teens/young adults (topics include making healthy decisions about sex, STDs).

Making Connections (AAP)
AAP.org Adolescent Sexual Health webpage with resources to support the CDC’s Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child Model. Resources support approaches and strategies to address adolescent sexual health holistically in partnership with schools and other community organizations. 

A Guide to Taking a Sexual History (CDC)
This guide offers healthcare professionals discussion points and questions to ask patients to get a more complete picture of their sexual health. The pocket guide can also be ordered online.

Parent Information (CDC)
CDC parent portal with resources and educational materials on various age groups (including teens) and topics; includes videos and interactive activities

School Health Profiles (CDC)
CDC’s The School Health Profiles (Profiles) is a system of surveys assessing school health policies and practices in states, large urban school districts, and territories. Profiles surveys are conducted biennially by education and health agencies among middle and high school principals and lead health education teachers. Profiles monitors the current status of school health education requirements and content; physical education and physical activity; practices related to bullying and sexual harassment; school health policies related to tobacco-use prevention and nutrition; school-based health services; family engagement and community involvement; school health coordination

Connections for Student Success (CDC)
CDC DASH funded project with resources to help Local Education Agencies (LEA) implement referral systems and improve access to youth friendly sexual health services (SHS). Tools re: lessons learned, policy, procedures for referral making, communication and marketing, and monitoring and evaluation are included along with multi-media teaching tools and archived webinars. Download the CDC Connections for Student Success Referral System Implementation Kit. Also includes tools specific to teen pregnancy prevention. Offers a video series, Making an Effective Referral.

Project Connect (CDC)
Provides information and resource on CDC’s Project Connect Health Systems Intervention (Project Connect), an evidence-based, scalable intervention designed to increase youth access to sexual and reproductive health care services. Project Connect promotes health systems change by identifying providers who are already doing a good job of serving youth, then linking youth to those resources. The webpage includes an Implementation Guide, case studies, and additional referral guide survey tools

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)
CDC’s YRBSS monitors six categories of health-related behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among youth and adults, including behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence; sexual behaviors related to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection;  alcohol and other drug use; tobacco use; unhealthy dietary behaviors and inadequate physical activity. YRBSS also measures the prevalence of obesity and asthma and other health-related behaviors plus sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts. YRBSS includes a national school-based survey conducted by CDC and state, territorial, tribal, and local surveys conducted by state, territorial, and local education and health agencies and tribal governments.

Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT)
CDC’s HECAT is an assessment tool to help school districts, schools, and others conduct a clear, complete, and consistent analysis of health education curricula based on the National Health Education Standards and CDC’s Characteristics of an Effective Health Education Curriculum. HECAT results can help school select or develop appropriate and effective health education curricula, enhance existing curricula, and improve the delivery of health education. The HECAT can be customized to meet local community needs and conform to the curriculum requirements of the state or school district.

How the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model Informs HIV,STD and Pregnancy Prevention (CDC)
Explains how CDC DASH work with education and health agencies and non-governmental organizations to ensure programs, policies, practices, and research integrate with components of the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model. Includes an educational video and links to additional component-related resources and tools.

CDC DASH Data and Statistics (CDC)
Webpage devoted to DASH data collection and surveillance activities. Includes links to the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, School Health Policies and Practices Study, School Health Profiles, and the Global School-based Student Health Survey.

Action Steps to Address Health and Educational Disparities (CDC)
Action steps proposed by CDC for consideration by state and local education and health agencies to address health and educational disparities among students.

Protective Factor Resources for School Connectedness (CDC)
CDC DASH protective factor resources related to school connectedness.

Protective Factor Resources for Parent Engagement (CDC)
CDC DASH protective factor resources related to parent engagement.

Adolescent and School Health: Health Services for Teens (CDC)
Highlights how schools can help increase student access to health services and what CDC DASH is doing to help.

Adolescent and School Health for Parents (CDC)
CDC DASH collection of resources for parents; topics include parent engagement and keeping teens healthy.

CDC DASH Program Success Stories (CDC)
CDC DASH spotlights program successes in areas including health services for teens, sexual health education, and supportive school environment.

School Health Equity (Advocates for Youth)
Advocates for Youth “School Health Equity” program assists state and local education agencies (SEAs) to increase their capacity to implement quality sexual health education and provide or link to sexual and mental health services students so often need. Staff currently has two five year cooperative agreements to provide technical assistance, training and resources on these topics to school districts across the country.


III. Multimedia Resources
A Teen-friendly Reproductive Health Visit (CDC)
Office practices and suggestions adaptable to any outpatient medical setting.

CDC DASH on Twitter (CDC)
Follow the CDC Division of Adolescent and School Health on Twitter for the latest on equipping teens with knowledge, skills & services to prevent HIV/STD & pregnancy.

Parent Engagement - Infographics, Palm Cards and Posters (CDC)
CDC DASH infographics, palm cards and posters addressing parent engagement.

Schools and Health- Infographics, Palm Cards and Posters (CDC)
CDC DASH infographics, palm cards and posters addressing schools and health.

 

IV. Fact Sheet

Parent Engagement: Strategies for Involving Parents in School Health (CDC)
Highlights why parental engagement is important and how to connect, engage, and sustain meaningful relationships with caregivers to increase protective factors for youth.

Promoting Parent Engagement: Improving Student Health and Academic Achievement - School Districts and School Administrators (CDC)
Identifies strategies to promote parent engagement to improve students’ academic success and physical and emotional well-being for the school district and school administrator audience.

Promoting Parent Engagement: Improving Student Health and Academic Achievement - Information Teachers and Other Staff (CDC)
Identifies strategies to promote parent engagement to improve students’ academic success and physical and emotional well-being for educators and other school staff.

Ways to Engage in Your Child's School to Support Student Health and Academic Achievement - Information for Parents and Families (CDC)
Identifies strategies to promote parent engagement to improve students’ academic success and physical and emotional well-being for the parent/family audience.

Sexual Health Services Fact Sheet (CDC)
This fact sheet is for school districts and education agencies and explains the importance of health care resources and increasing student access to preventive health services.

Contraceptive and Reproductive Health Services for Teens: Evidence-based Clinical Best Practices (CDC)
Fact sheet detailing evidence-based clinical practice(s), and rationale for contraceptive and reproductive health service domains for teens.

Making the Connection: Sexual Behaviors and Academic Grades (CDC)
CDC DASH fact sheet summarizing data from the 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). School health professionals, school officials, and other decision makers can use this information to better understand the associations between adolescent sexual behaviors and grades, as well as to develop and reinforce policies, practices, and programs that support healthy decision-making around sexual behaviors.

Sexual Health Education for Young People for Disabilities Research and Resources for Parents/Guardians (Advocates for Youth)
Provides statistics on disability among U.S. youth and an overview of common myths and facts about the sexuality of people with disabilities, as well as general guidelines for parents and guardians and offers a select, annotated bibliography of sexual health education materials and resources.

Sexual Health Education for Young People for Disabilities Research and Resources for Educators (Advocates for Youth)
Provides statistics on disability among U.S. youth and an overview of common myths and facts about the sexuality of people with disabilities, as well as general guidelines for educators and offers a select, annotated bibliography of sexual health education materials and resources.


V. Reports
Meeting the Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Adolescents in School-based Health Centers
Policy review by the Guttmacher Institute on provision of sexual and reproductive health care services in school-based health centers

Celebrating Success: Local Health Department and School Partnerships for Adolescent HIV and STI Prevention
Each of four jurisdictions funded to complete an action planning process to implement school-based HIV and STI prevention activities wrote a success story to share the results of their work, their process, and insights. The intention of this document is to catalyze ideas, partnerships, and new or expanded HIV and STI prevention initiatives in other jurisdictions.

The Role of Local Health Departments in Advancing Adolescent HIV and STI Prevention Efforts through School-based Programs
Report highlights key findings and themes from three NACCHO workshops/consultations, each of which focused on one of the three CDC-developed school-based approaches for health education, health services, and safe and supportive environments. The report characterizes the role of LHDs in school-based HIV/STD prevention programs, highlights examples of LHDs innovating in the field of adolescent sexual health and identifies opportunities for LHDs to support LEAs in promoting the health, safety, and well-being of students.

Stories from the Field: Local Approaches to Improving Adolescent Sexual Health
Compilation of success stories related to local health department (LHD) efforts to address adolescent sexual health

The Role of Local Health Departments in Advancing Adolescent HIV and STI Prevention Efforts through School-based Programs
Report highlighting key findings and themes from the three workshops/consultations NACCHO held, each of which focused on one of the three CDC-developed school-based approaches for health education, health services, and safe and supportive environments. The report characterizes the role of LHDs in school-based HIV/STD prevention programs, highlights examples of LHDs innovating in the field of adolescent sexual health and identifies opportunities for LHDs to support LEAs in promoting the health, safety, and well-being of students

Celebrating Success: Local Health Department and School Partnerships for Adolescent HIV and STI Prevention
Report catalyzes ideas, partnerships and new or expanded HIV and STI prevention initiatives. Includes success stories, processes and insights from four jurisdictions funded to complete an action planning process to implement school-based HIV and STI prevention.


VI. e-Learning Course

Let's Talk About Sex
The main goals of this course are to increase the number of pediatricians who feel comfortable and able to approach the sexual health needs of adolescents and young adults. Case studies presented in this course provide the opportunity to apply the strategies and techniques presented in the course.

 

 

This website is supported by cooperative agreement NU87PS448769 funded by the Centers for Disease Control  and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the  o?cial views or endorsement of the CDC or the Department of Health and Human Services.

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