AAP Logo

STD/HIV Testing & Treatment

I. AAP Policy Statements/ Clinical Reports/ Guidelines

Adolescents and HIV Infection: The Pediatrician's Role in Promoting Routine Testing (Policy Statement)
Reviews epidemiologic data and recommendations regarding routine screening as well as  many of the real and perceived barriers that pediatricians face in promoting routine HIV testing for their patients.

Screening for Nonviral Sexually Transmitted Infections in Adolescents and Young Adults (Policy Statement)
Focuses on curable, nonviral STIs and reviews the evidence for nonviral STI screening in adolescents, communicates the value of screening, and outlines recommendations for routine nonviral STI screening of adolescents.

Psychosocial Support for Youth Living with HIV (Clinical Report)
Guidance in addressing the psychosocial needs of adolescents and young adults living with HIV, which can improve linkage to care and adherence to life-saving antiretroviral (ARV) therapy.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines (CDC- AAP Endorsed)
Guidelines for the treatment of persons who have or are at risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). 

II. Websites

Sexually Transmitted Infections (AAP) Adolescent Sexual Health webpage with links to additional information re: statistics, fact sheets, prevention and treatment for chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV, HPV and syphilis.

GYT: Get Yourself Tested Campaign (CDC)
The GYT campaign is a youthful, empowering social movement to encourage young people to get tested and treated, as needed, for STDs and HIV. GYT increases awareness about STDs and how to prevent them, links young people to STD testing services, and promotes a more open dialogue with partners and health care providers. Although GYT is a national campaign, schools, community organizations, health care providers, and health departments across the country have adapted GYT to fit their local demographic and host testing and awareness event.

STD and HIV Screening Recommendations (CDC)
STD and HIV screening recommendations written in plain language for the general public audience. Includes a STD testing site finder (by zip code).

Survey of Today's Adolescent Relationships and Transitions (START) (CDC)
Information about CDC DASH innovative, social media-based recruitment and data collection project targeting gay, bisexual, and questioning males (13-18 years old) and trans youth (13-24 years old) in response to the increase in HIV infection, particularly among Black and Latino adolescent males who have sex with males.

Adolescent and School Health: For Health Providers (CDC)
CDC DASH collection of resources on health risks among youth and sexual health services for the health provider audience.  Includes print-ready infographics on HIV, LGBTQ health risks and supports.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines (CDC)
These guidelines for the treatment of persons who have or are at risk for sexually transmitted diseases were updated by the CDC in 2015.

Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) (CDC)
CDC's collection of information about PrEP. PrEP is a way for people who do not have HIV but who are at very high risk of getting HIV to prevent HIV infection by taking a pill everyday.

My Story Out Loud (Advocates for Youth)
My Story Out Loud is an Advocates for Youth digital storytelling project dedicated to uplifting the narratives of LGBTQ+ youth of color and young people living with HIV by capturing stories and experiences.

Get Your Life (Advocates for Youth)
Advocates for Youth “Get Your Life,” is an evidence-informed HIV prevention intervention is designed for community based organizations to implement on weekends or afterschool hours for Black and Latino Young Men Who Have Sex with Men, ages 16-19. Adapted from Many Men, Many Voices the curriculum is trauma informed and culturally responsive. Evaluation show statistically significant improvements in participants HIV knowledge and intention to reduce risk from pre to post test.

National Youth HIV & AIDS Awareness Day (Advocates for Youth)
Advocates for Youth National Youth HIV & AIDS Awareness Day (NYHAAD) is a day to educate the public about the impact of HIV and AIDS on young people as well as highlight the amazing work young people are doing across the country to fight the HIV & AIDS epidemic.

HIV/AIDS Youth (American Psychological Association)
American Psychological Association webpage devoted to HIV/AIDS-related information for youth. Includes basic information about HIV/AIDS, risks and prevention, testing guidance and other resources including quizzes and tools to help readers understand their rights and locate testing sites. 

STD Information and Resources (National Coalition of STD Directors)
National Coalition of STD Directors webpage with tools and materials including basic information about STDs as well as testing, prevention, and treatment. Includes a free condom finder.

NASTAD (National Alliance of State & Territorial AIDS Directors)
NASTAD is an association that represents public health officials who administer HIV and hepatitis programs in the US and around the world with a mission to end the intersecting epidemics of HIV, viral hepatitis, and related conditions. NASTAD works to strengthen domestic and global governmental public health through advocacy, capacity building, and social justice.

Sexually Transmitted Infections (Child Trends)
Child Trends databank indicator includes key facts about and trends in STIs.

AMAZE creates age-appropriate animated videos for adolescents 10-4 years and offers parents and educators resources to open lines of communication about important sexual health topics in a fun, engaging format.  

HIV/STD Prevention Among Adolescents (School-based Health Alliance)
Provides information about the School-Based Health Alliance’s (SBHA) work in expanding partnerships and disseminating HIV prevention materials to reduce HIV and other STDs among adolescents.

Adolescent Health Initiative (University of Michigan)
The Adolescent Health Initiative works to advance innovative adolescent-centered health care through practice improvement, education, research, and youth and community engagement and transform the health care landscape to optimize adolescent and young adult health and well-being. The website includes resources and tools including “Starter Guides” (topics include Adolescent Risk Screening, Adolescent Well Exam, Chlamydia Screening, Adolescent Vaccinations and HPV, School and SBHC Collaboration, SBHC-PCP Collaboration for an Expanded Medical Home, Strategies for Providing Youth-Friendly Services, Engaging with Youth on Social Media, LGBTQ+ Youth-Friendly Services), videos, archived webinars, and youth-friendly materials including posters in English and Spanish, posters customizable with state-specific information and infographics).

Minors' Access to STI Services (Guttmacher Institute)
Report from the Guttmacher Institute on state laws pertaining to minors' access to STD services.

III. Fact Sheets

How Schools Can Support HIV Testing Among Adolescents (CDC)
This fact sheet explains why schools are important partners in supporting HIV testing among students and linking them to confidential health services.

Information for Teens: Staying Healthy and Preventing STDs (CDC)
Basic information on STDs, prevention and treatment for adolescents and young adults.

Bringing High-Quality HIV and STD Prevention to Youth in Schools: CDC's Division of Adolescent and School Health
CDC DASH fact sheet highlighting the critical role that schools play in STD/HIV prevention and the ways in which DASH supports schools in their efforts.

Effective HIV and STD Prevention Programs for Youth: A Summary of Scientific Evidence (CDC)
CDC DASH fact sheet describes the role of school health programs in helping youth adopt lifelong attitudes and behaviors that support overall health and well-being—including behaviors that can reduce their risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and how DASH supports schools in their efforts.

HIV and Young Men Who Have Sex with Men (CDC)
CDC DASH fact sheet provides facts, information on HIV prevention challenges and school-based strategies for addressing HIV among young men having sex with men.

HIV and Young Women and Girls in the United States (Advocates for Youth)
Issue brief highlighting inadequate sex education, disparate sexual health outcomes, violence, gender inequity and stigma as key areas that policymakers and advocates alike must address if we hope to end AIDS among young women and girls in the United States.

IV. Multimedia Resources

National Youth HIV/AIDS Awareness Day
Provides links to CDC DASH buttons promoting National Youth HIV/AIDS Awareness Day.

HIV and Risk Behaviors in Youth - Infographics, Palm Cards & Posters (CDC)
CDC DASH infographics, palm cards and posters addressing HIV and risk behaviors in youth.

HIV Among US Youth, 2018 Infographic
CDC DASH facts and figures regarding HIV among US youth. Print and web ready.

STD Widgets (CDC)
CDC widgets that enable website visitors to locate an STD testing facility. Available in English and Spanish.

V. e-Learning Courses

Let's Talk About Sex (AAP)
The main goals of this course are to increase the number of pediatricians who feel comfortable and able to approach the sexual health needs of adolescents and young adults. Case studies presented in this course provide the opportunity to apply the strategies and techniques presented in the course.

National STD Curriculum (University of Washington)
The National STD Curriculum is a free CDC-funded educational Web site  developed by the University of Washington; the curriculum addresses the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, management, and prevention of STDs. Free CME and CNE credit are offered throughout the site.


This website is supported by cooperative agreement NU87PS448769 funded by the Centers for Disease Control  and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the  official views or endorsement of the CDC or the Department of Health and Human Services.

©Copyright 2021 American Academy of Pediatrics. All rights reserved.
Privacy Statement      Contact Us      Terms of Use      Support Center